CANTON — Whether describing for-profit distributors of misinformation, the New York Times or the entire free press, a catchall label has emerged since the 2016 U.S. presidential election: “fake news.”

First referenced in a December 2016 speech by Hillary Clinton and used regularly by President Donald J. Trump since January 2017, the phrase is the centerpiece of expert cybersecurity research, particularly in a major election year.

This month’s cybersecurity conference, hosted by SUNY Canton’s Center for Criminal Justice, Intelligence and Cybersecurity, has featured weekly cybersecurity panelists working in military and health care settings, as well as faculty from SUNY Canton, Connecticut’s Wesleyan University and Ohio’s Kent State University.

This week’s virtual panel, “The Hackers are Coming! Winning a Cybersecurity War in an Election Year,” spotlighted three research areas related to election security, including the online spread of misinformation.

Traian Marius Truta, professor and associate chair of the Department of